What is the role of Backup and Disaster Recovery in the CMMC framework?

The Department of Defense’s (DoD) efforts to preserve controlled unclassified information (CUI) throughout its enormous global supply chain is based on the CMMC framework. This paradigm consists of 171 practices organized into 17 areas and 43 competencies, each corresponding to one of the model’s maturity levels.

The CMMC guidelines also address backup and disaster recovery procedures, which every DoD contractor and supplier must follow. The CMMC Recovery Domain specifies how DoD companies should carry out backups and recovery operations. Since data recovery and backups are an integral part of CMMC, the importance of IT services for government contractors deepens.

Recovery Domain of the CMMC

The CMMC Restoration Domain duties are all about keeping companies functioning so they can achieve their goals, perform their functions, and/or offer their services. This involves ensuring systems are working again following an interruption (such as a cyberattack, an IT failure, or a natural catastrophe) and minimizing the loss of essential data.

If you don’t have a restoration strategy in effect that addresses the most typical outage risks your organization confronts, you won’t be able to preserve the state’s information and assets. A lack of defense data might jeopardize national security or put our military personnel in peril. This is why CMMC recovery criteria are crucial and why the CMMC Recovery Domain is required.

What are the policies and procedures of the CMMC Recovery Domain?

The Recovery Domain practices in CMMC are primarily concerned with maintaining backups or data security sustainability. To satisfy the standards of the CMMC Recovery Category, you must do those as mentioned below:

Backups should be performed and tested regularly.

Backups are necessary for recovering data in the case of an equipment breakdown, a malware attack, or other issues. You must establish a backup plan based on your company’s unique demands to guarantee you don’t compromise any information you can’t manage to lose.

You may obtain more information on defining your ideal backup schedule from a CMMC-capable IT solutions and services company. In addition to arranging backups, you should test them at regular intervals to ensure that they are accurate and dependable. Ensure to follow this approach for all of your data, not only CUI and federal contract information, to avoid leaving anything to chance (FCI).

Maintain the privacy of backup CUIs.

As if CUIs were categorized, treat them as such. They should only be accessed as needed, and their storage places should be well-secured. NAS drives, cloud backups, FTP services, and even basic flash drives are all storage options that may be deployed for CUIs. Ascertain that these datastores are set up to comply with FIPS 140-2 encryption requirements. One should maintain physical security in all storage places where CUI is housed to protect data confidentiality while it is in transit.

Ensure that backups are kept in a secure location.

When hackers access a computer, they frequently make extensive changes to the configuration and software. Trespassers have also been known for making minute modifications to data saved on compromised workstations, jeopardizing organizational performance if the data is contaminated. When the attackers are identified, firms without a reliable data recovery capacity may find it very hard to erase all evidence of the assailant’s existence on the workstation.

It’s usually a good idea to plan for the worst, primarily when DoD vendors deal with sensitive information. Use the best possible tools and methods to backup data regularly and ensure that you can recover it in the event of a disaster. To protect documents from viruses and other physical risks like arson or flood damage, you’ll need regular backups containing all system data. You should also make sure that all copies have at minimum one off-site endpoint so that any on-site problems don’t harm your data.